Usool ul-Fiqh are four:

1. Qur’an
2. Sunnah
3. Ijma’ah of the Ummah
4. Qiyas

Words/speech are classified into a number of different categories from different perspectives:

1. ‘Aam and Khaas from the viewpoint of scope (i.e. what is included or excluded from the meaning of the word)
2. Mutlaq and Muqayyad from the viewpoint of conditionality/qualification
3. Mushtarak, Muawwal and Mufassar from the viewpoint of the intended meaning from amongst a multiplicity of meanings
4. Haqeeqah and Majaz from the viewpoint of literal or figurative meaning
5. Sareeh and Kinayah from the viewpoint of clarity of meaning
6. Dhaahir, Nass, Mufassar and Muhkam from the viewpoint of the degree of clarity in meaning
7. Khafiyy, Mushkil, Mujmal and Mutashaabih from the viewpoint of the degree of obscurity in meaning

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